Réglementation des barrages au Canada

 
La réglementation des barrages au Canada est de juridiction provinciale/territoriale comme pour la santé et l’éducation. Contrairement à d’autres pays, le Canada ne possède pas de d’organisme ni de programme de réglementation fédéral très important pour guider l’élaboration d’exigences relatives à la gestion sécuritaire des barrages. L’Association canadienne des barrages (ACB), une organisation bénévole, a été fondée dans les années 1980 pour offrir aux propriétaires de barrages, exploitants, consultants, fournisseurs et organismes gouvernementaux une tribune nationale pour discuter des questions relatives à la sécurité des barrages au Canada. Les Recommandations pour la sécurité du public près des barrages élaborées par l’ACB offrent une base aux organismes de réglementation pour l’évaluation de la sécurité des dans le cadre de leurs compétences respectives.


Province/
Territory
Ministry/
Agency
Contact Legislation/
Regulation
Regulation Guidelines
(other than CDA)
~ Number of Dams
British Columbia

Water Supply Dams

Minstry of Forest, Lands & Natural Resource Operations
Water Management Branch
           


Scott Morgan
Head, Dam Safety Section
(250) 387-3265  
Water Act Dam Safety
Regulation
Inspection & Maintenance of Dams
Inspection Guidelines
 Plan Submission Guidelines
Regulated Dams ~ 1,650

Unregulated Dams ~ 460
British Columbia
Mining Dams
Ministry of Energy & Mines   Mines Act Health, Safety
& Reclamation
Code
Dam Safety Inspection Guidelines
APEGBC Professional Practice Guidelines - Legislative Dam Safety Reviews in BC.
118

Alberta
Energy Related Dams

(Water and Tailings Dams) 

Alberta Energy Regulator Santiago Paz
Dam Safety Engineer
(780) 642-9124
Water Act Water
Ministerial
Regulation
Dam Safety Directive (under Review) 193
Saskatchewan
Water Supply Dams
Water Security Agency Jody W. Scammell
Director, Dam Safety & Major Structures
(306) 694-7732
Water Security Agency Act (1) No No 1300 (2)
Saskatchewan
Tailings Dams
Environment Tim Moulding
Uranium and Northern
Operations
(306) 933-7063
Assessment Act No No 15
Manitoba Sustainable Development Perry Stonehouse
Director - Drainage and Water Rights Licensing Branch
(204) 573-4997
The Water Rights Act No
No 570
Ontario
Water Supply Dams
Tailings Dams
(Construction)
Ministry of Energy, Northern Development and Mines Joanna Samson
Crown Lands Section
(705) 755-5090
Lakes & Rivers
Improvement
(3)
(LRIA)
Ontario
Regulation
454/96
Construction (4)
LRIA Administrative Guide,
Technical Bulletins and
Best Management Practices
3300+
Ontario
Tailings Dams
(Reclamation)
Northern
Development
& Mines
(5)

(705) 670 5798
Mining Act No No N/A
Québec (Français)
Quebec (English)
Water Supply Dams
Ministère du Développement durable,
de l'Environnement, de la Faune et des Parcs
(Français)
(English)
Michel Rhéaume
Directeur de la sécurité
des barrages
(418) 521 3945
Loi sur la sécurité des barrages
(Français)
Dam Safety Act
(English)
Règlement sur la sécurité des barrages
(Français)
Dam Safety Regulation
(English)
No 5806 (13)
Québec (Français)
Quebec (English)
Mining Dams
Ressources naturelles
(Français)
Natural Resources
(English)
Mélanie Turgeon, M.Sc.
Directrice p.i.
Direction de la restauration des sites miniers
418-627-6292, poste 5608
La Loi sur
les mines

(Français)
Mining Act
(English)
No No N/A
New Brunswick Environment &
Local Government
Paul Campbell
NBELG
(506) 453 3797
Clean Water Act No (6) No 240
Nova Scotia Environment
& Labour

Elizabeth Kennedy
(902)424-0332 
Environment Act
Regulations
No No (7) 200
Newfoundland
& Labrador
Department of Municipal Affairs and Environment Paula V. Dawe
Water Resources Management Division
(709) 729-4048
Water
Resources Act
(8)
No
(Planned
within 2-5 yrs)
No >700
Prince EdwardIsland Environment,
Energy & Forestry
  No No No N/A
Yukon
Territory
Water Board
Water Resources
Section
(10)
Glenn Ford
Water Resources Branch
Yukon Environment
(867) 667-3104
Waters Act
(Yukon)
No No 21
Northwest
Territories
Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board (11)
Patty Ewaschuk 
(416) 432-6066
MVRMA
Waters Act
No No approximately 100
Nunavut
Territory
Nunavut Water
Board
Joe Murdock
(867) 360 6338
Waters & Surface
Rights Tribunal Act
No No Unknown
Canadian
Federal
Government
Canadian Nuclear
Safety Commission
Dr. Grant Su
Environmental Risk
Assessment Division
(613) 943-9932
Nuclear Safety
& Control Act

Uranium Mines
& Mills Reg's.
(12)
No Various Over 100
(Uranium
Mining
Related)
Canadian
Federal
Government
Parks Canada
Agency
André Roy
Dam Safety Program
(819) 953-4644
Internal Directive
(self-regulated)
No Various Over 225


Notes:
  1. Approvals are required under the Water Security Act in Saskatchewan to construct and operate water storage dams.
  2. The 1300 water storage dams currently identified within Saskatchewan pertains to those having a storage capacity of 40 dam^3 or more. Approximately 8960 dams exist within the province having a volume of 1.0 dam^3 or more.
  3. See LRIA Part 1; Construction, Repair and Use of Dams.
  4. Regulatory enhancements for the life-cycle management of dams is planned within 2 years.
  5. Reclamation of tailings dams only, active tailings dams are regulated by MNR.
  6. Under the Watercourse Alteration Regulation, a permit is required for construction of all new dams or dikes in New Brunswick.
  7. CDA guidelines are the recognized industry standard in Nova Scotia. One of the requirements for obtaining an operating license is to demonstrate compliance with the CDA Guidelines.
  8. Under the Water Resources Act, a permit is required for construction of all new dams or dikes in Newfoundland and Labrador.
  9. Darrell Fisher is a consultant with ADI Limited in Charlottetown, PEI. He does not represent the PEI regulator but is the CDA Board member for PEI.
  10. The Yukon Water Board issues licences for dams that are associated with mining, hydro projects, etc. The Water Resources Section of the Environmental Programs Branch administers the water licences that have been issued by the YWB and provides inspection services.
  11. The Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act (MVRMA) came into being in 1998 as a result of the Gwich'in and Sahtu Comprehensive Land Claims Agreements. The Act created co-management boards for both the Gwich'in and Sahtu settlement areas and it established the Mackenzie Valley Land and Water Board (MVLWB). With the signing of the Tlicho Land Claims and Self-Government Agreement in 2005, the Wekeezhii Land and Water Board was created, and became a regional panel of the MVLWB.
  12. The CNSC also takes into account various other National and Provincial Regulations and Guidelines and International best practices
  13. Number of dams in Quebec that have a height equal or greater than 1 m (2013-04-03)